The United States Border Patrol is called USBP short and is recognized as the largest federal law enforcement agency. As the name suggests, it is one of the higher authorities responsible for maintaining peace and harmony within the borders. The three principal missions of border patrol are:
- To ensure the safety of Americans
- To safeguard the US borders
- To enhance economic stability and prosperity
As of 2019, the agency comprises 19,648 agents who were actively involved in serving the country.
History of US Border Patrol
In the 19th century, US borders were open and unrestricted for anyone to pass, and there was no systematic control to stop anyone from trespassing. Mounted guards of the US department of labor and commerce took this opportunity to patrol the border in 1904. However, due to the irregularity in their services, a troop of 75 had to be hired to patrol California and prevent Chinese immigrants from entering the border.
Around 1915, special forces called “mounted inspectors” were hired, which in the long run proved their incompetency, and US army soldiers occasionally took the place to patrol along the borders. However, in 1932, the official border patrol groups were divided into two offices
- Mexican office, which was directed from El Paso, Texas
- Canadian office, which was directed from Detroit, Michigan
However, after the attacks on the border in 2001, the entire border patrol was under the Home Security Department, whose primary goal was to prevent the entry of terrorists and weapons into the United States. As of 2019, the border patrol officers are also responsible for controlling illegal drugs, drug trafficking, and illegal immigration along the border.
Goals and objectives of border patrol
In addition to the responsibilities mentioned above, by 2025, the Border patrol department plans on achieving the following goals and objectives:
Goal 1: Reduce Air Pollution
- Objective1: Install and establish air monitoring networks to access data on air quality.
- Objective 2: Receive data from emission inventories from different governments across the border, including Afro-Mexican and Indigenous communities.
- Objective 3: Monitor vehicles that do not follow the emission standards and reduce the number of cars, thus reducing vehicle emission
- Objective 4: Improve public health along the border by improvising technologies to reduce atmospheric pollutants.
Goal 2: Enhance water quality
- Objective 1: Address the problems related to water management and find necessary solutions along the Tijuana river.
- Objective 2: Improve the infrastructure for water treatment and provide clean drinking water, certified by the NADB board.
- Objective 3: Enhance and promote the use of re-treated wastewater to save and conserve energy and water.
Goal 3: Promote sustainable waste management techniques
- Objective 1:Ehnace waste management resource practices along the borders and also with local and state institutions
- Objective 2:Improve government knowledge at all levels to employ sustainable waste management strategies.
- Objective 3: Take care of the marine environment to prevent and reduce marine pollution